Highcross Quarter from Leicester Leicestershire

Sun Sabbats and Moon Sabbats

Sun sabbats refer to the cross quarter days, which are based on the astronomical position of the sun.

circle of the year.. showing Highcross quarters, cross quarters and corresponding elements of earth, air, fire and water

"Moon sabbats" can be observed on Full Moons, typically the one closest to the traditional cross quarter date or the 2nd full moon after the preceding cross quarter day.

This would place the Moon sabbat anywhere from 29-59 days after the preceding solstice or equinox.

Moon sabbats can also be observed on the nearest Lunar phase to the Cross quarter
day.

Imbolc: New, Crescent
1st Quarter

Beltane: 1st Quarter
gibbous, Full Moon

Lammas: Full, Disseminating
3rd Quarter

Samhain: 3rd Quarter
Balsamic, New

 

Highcross Quarter - About Us - Our History

History and Precedence

The various Highcross quarters and cross quarters of the wiccan and pagan calendar take their names mainly with a few exceptions from age old pre-Christian Celtic and pre-Christian Germanic semi religious festivals. What is certain is that a great deal of liberty has always been taken with the precise forms and meanings of these festivals.

This is down to the influence of turn of the century romantic notions as well as the elements introduced by Wicca. The similarities between these festivals generally end at the shared names, as Wicca makes no effort to reconstruct or reinterpret these ancient practices.

Not supported by Historical Precedence.

Wiccans observe the festivals of the Highcross quarters and cross quarters together in a form of rite set and observance not corroborated by any historical precedence.

There is that we know of, no place in Europe where all eight Highcross quarters and cross quarters have been observed as a set, and the complete Highcross quarters and cross quarters set was unknown prior to modern Wicca and neo-paganism.

Bards, Druids and Ovate's.

In early forms of Wicca only the cross quarter days were observed. However in 1958 the members of a hertfordshire Coven added the solstices and equinoxes to their original calendar, as they desired more frequent celebrations.

Their High Priest, was away visiting the Isle of Man at the time, but he did not object when he returned, since they were now more in line with druidism and a prominent group of Bards, druids and Ovate's.

“No known pre-Christian people celebrated all the eight festivals of the calendar adopted by Wicca. Around the four genuine Gaelic quarter days are now ranged the Midwinter and September feasts of the Anglo-Saxons, the Midsummer celebrations so prominent in folklore and (for symmetry) the vernal equinox, which does not seem to have been commemorated by any ancient northern Europeans.”1)

Sources:

1) Hutton, Ronald. The Pagan Religions of the Ancient British Isles. Oxford, Blackwell, 337-341. ISBN 0-631-18946-7.